When a student is identified as having “exceptional needs”, typically an intervention plan, commonly known as an individualized education plan (IEP) is developed and maintained for as long as the student requires it. The IEP is developed for students who require accommodations, program modifications or alternative programs. It is a written document that identifies the student’s strengths, weaknesses and needs.
More precisely, the IEP identifies the student’s present level of academic achievement and functional performance. It sets reasonable learning goals as well as annual goals and specifies the type of service the student will require and receive. The objectives decided upon must be measurable as this will allow the school team to evaluate the student’s progress.
The IEP plan typically involves input from the student’s school team (which may include teachers, teaching aids, in school professionals or professionals from the private sector), parents/guardians, and the student if he or she is old enough to participate. The team reviews any assessment information available regarding the student as well as any other observations/concerns provided by the IEP team.
Once the IEP is established and agreed upon, the participants sign off on it. Usually, all the participants receive a copy of the signed IEP . A review date/period is also planned for, as this will ensure a review and determine the extent of the student’s progress. Any necessary adjustments to the IEP usually takes place at that time as well.